Hacking is usually meant to break a code.

There are lots of computer languages but few are required for hacking purpose because in most cases it depends upon the target. There are basically three sections ― Web Hacking and Pentesting, Exploit Writing & Reverse Engineering and each of it requires different coding.

1. Web Hacking

If you’re interested in web hacking and pentesting, then you must learn below-mentioned languages at least basic and intermediate level.
    • HTML: One of the easiest and widely used static markup language. It’s recommended to learn HTML to understand web action, response, structure and much more.
    • JavaScript: JavaScript( SC ) is a client-side programming language mostly used in websites for better user interface and quick response. If you are interested in a hacking career, you need to learn JavaScript because it helps to find out the client-side flaws.
    • PHP: Hypertext PreProcessor ( earlier called, Personal Home Page ), is a dynamic server side language which is responsible for managing web apps and database. PHP is considered as one of the essential programming languages.
    • SQL: It is the most sensitive part of the web. It is a database programming language, each and every data is stored in the database.

2. Exploit Writing

After web hacking, another most important features of hacking is exploits. Here you need to learn Python or Ruby.
    • Python: Security experts and pro hackers suggest that Python is the best way to learn hacking.
    • Ruby: Ruby is a simple yet complicated object-oriented language. Ruby is very helpful when it comes to exploit writing. The most famous hacking tool Metasploit framework in programmed in Ruby.

3. Reverse Engineering

Reverse engineering, the process of taking a software program’s binary code and recreating it so as to trace it back to the original source code. If you know reverse engineering you can find flaws and bugs easily. If you want to learn reverse engineering you need to know C, C++, and Java. The process of converting the code written in the high-level language into a low-level language without changing the original program is known as reverse engineering.